The Aquafer Plus 2.0 – Aquafer/Fluoride Combination System
THE AQUAFER PLUS 2.0 Aquafer/Fluoride Combination System
WHAT IT CONSISTS OF
Two units are paired in size to make installation easier and to enhance the performance of each. Each has a full-flow bypass to facilitate installation and a corrosion-proof fiberglass tank protected with a stainless steel sleeve.
WHAT IT DOES
The first unit-AQUAFER– prevents hard water scale formation, removes chlorine, removes trace heavy metals, reduces chloramines, and performs as a biocidal barrier for the entire home. The second unit-FLUORIDE REMOVAL– adsorbs fluoride ions from the water and holds them tightly to prevent high flow release for the life of the system.
HOW DOES IT REMOVE FLUORIDE IN WATER?
The AQUAFER unit contains a patented distributor system within the tank that utilizes both catalytic and magnetic processes to convert dissolved calcium bicarbonate (hardness) to microscopic-sized seeds of solid calcium carbonate that will not cling to metal surfaces. There is also a biocidal KDF medium that has removes chlorine and heavy metals. FLUORIDE REMOVAL – the removal of fluoride in water is accomplished by utilizing Hydroxyl Apatite, a carbonaceous adsorbent.
ARE ANY CHEMICALS, WATER, OR ELECTRICITY USED?
|Model Number||Capacity—Gallons(1)||W D H (In inches)|
|Custom Sizes Upon Request|
FLUORIDE IN DRINKING WATER
FRIEND OR FOE
The presence or addition of fluoride into drinking water remains one of the hottest topics in the water treatment industry with those for and against the process equally passionate about their stand on the issue.
Fluorine (F) is a gas and is a powerful and naturally prevalent oxidizing element of the halogen family with the other members being chlorine, iodine, bromine, and astatine. In nature it exists as the molecule F 2 . Because of its prevalence in the earth’s crust, it is found naturally in our food chain in carrots, green leafy vegetables, nuts, garlic, tea, and many processed breakfast cereals, fish, and shellfish. Fluoride has no necessary biochemical effect on plants, but because it is cumulative, it can become toxic to plants by disrupting chlorophyll production.
Well waters often contain natural trace amounts as do bottled beverages made from such well water sources. Nature in its infinite wisdom wants us to have these natural fluoride sources for tooth, bone, and brain health. Pesticides utilizing fluoride have increased the levels of fluoride in our food supply in the past few decades. Excess amounts (some claim any amount) are noted to cause the hormone-disrupting calcification of the pineal gland which is located in the brain. As part of the endocrine system, pineal disruption adversely affects other glands with the most notable symptom being sleep disruption. Those who are most opposed to fluoride expand the pineal calcification symptoms to include severe behavioral and cognitive issues.
Fluorine is used in the production of what is now called Forever Chemicals that are found everywhere as a dangerous pollutant in our food chain and atmosphere. One of many chemical families is Polyfluoroalkyl Substances or PFAS which is written about extensively. Think of such items as TEFLON, non-stick cookware, and fabrics.
The negative reactions to fluoride seem to center around the source of the fluoride and the level of consumption. Natural fluoride exists as calcium fluoride (CaF 2 ) and sodium fluoride (NaF 2 ). The sources of fluoride as added to water supplies are reported to be fluorosilicic acid sodium silicofluoride which are industrial byproducts from the fertilizer and metal industries and are considered to be toxic in their concentrated form. Current optimal fluoride ingestion from all sources for a healthy adult should be 3-4 mg/day. The concern is that we may be getting this or more in our diet without the addition to drinking water and the addition may put us over the top where it will then accumulate in our systems and become detrimental to our health. The EPA caps allowable fluoride in drinking water at 4 mg/l and a review of dozens of municipal Consumer Confidence Reports (CCR’s) mandated by the EPA indicates cities are holding their levels to 0.8 mg/l as an abundance of caution.
If you wish to reduce fluoride in your drinking water you have some options.
- Bottled water. Beware. Many bottled waters come from municipal supplies that may or may not be fluoridated and may only be filtered or passed through ultraviolet light neither of which will remove fluoride. We actually saw one brand that added fluoride per their label.
- Reverse osmosis. 75% to 95% reduction depending on system design, water pressure, and water chemistry.
- Hydroxyl Apatite media filtration. 75% to 95% reduction depending on flow rates and equipment design
- Activated alumina media filtration. Reasonably effective but only in a narrow band of water pH values.
The table below details some of the common heavy metals found in water, their sources, and the health issues they may cause.
|TYPICAL SOURCES||HEALTH ISSUES|
|ARSENIC||As||0.018||SOIL EROSION, ELEC-TRONICS, AND GLASS MFG. WASTE||SKIN DAMAGE, PROBLEMS WITH BODY’S BLOOD CIRCULATION, CARCINOGENIC, NEUROTOXIN|
|BARIUM||Ba||2.0||SOIL EROSION, DRILL WASTE, METAL REFINERIES||ELEVATED BLOOD PRESSURE|
|CADMIUM||Cd||0.005||GALVANIZED PIPE EROSION, SOIL EROS-ION, OLD BATTERIES, AND PAINT||KIDNEY DAMAGE AND MALE CASTRATION|
|CHROMIUM||Cr||0.1||SOIL EROSION AND INDUSTRIAL WASTE||SKIN DAMAGE AND CARCINOGENIC|
|LEAD||Pb||0.015||SOIL EROSION, OLD PLUMBING, AND PAINT||SLOW CHILD DEVELOPMENT, KIDNEY ISSUES AND HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE|
|MERCURY||Hg||0.002||SOIL EROSION, INDUSTRIAL WASTE, LANDFILL RUNOFF||KIDNEY DAMAGE, BRAIN DAMAGE|
|SELENIUM||Se||0.05||SOIL EROSION, MINE DISCHARGE, OIL REFINERIES||HAIR & FINGERNAIL LOSS, NEUROLOGICAL ISSUES, POOR BLOOD CIRCULATION|
|SILVER||Ag||0.05||SOIL EROSION, INDUSTRIAL WASTE LANDFILL RUNOFF||KIDNEY DAMAGE, SKIN DISCOLORATION|